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International automobile customs station Niirala-Wrtsil

International automobile customs station Niirala-Wrtsil

Wärtsilä is an urban settlement, center of Wärtsiläurban settlement of Sortavala metropolitan region, located 65 kilometers from the town of Sortavala. The largest Russian-Finnish border-crossing point in territory of Karelia. It is situated to the south from West Karelian upland, on the Juuvanjoki river close to its inflow into the Jänisjoki river. The Blue Road, arterial highway connecting Finland with Petrozavodsk and St.Petersburg, goes through Wärtsilä. International automobile customs station Niirala-Wärtsilä founded in 1994 is located 5 from Wärtsilä. Population size: 3229 people in 1959, 3085 people in 2006.

For the first time Wärtsilä was mentioned in the Taxbook of the year 1499-1500. Then Wärtsilä consisted of 3 homesteads within the Orthodox Nokolsko-Serdobolsky pogost of Korela uyezd, Vodskaya pyatina. On conditions of Stolbovo peace treaty, along with other settlements of the Lake Ladoga area of Karelia, Wärtsilä became a part of Sweden. In 1812 Wärtsilä became a part of Russia within the Grand Duchy of Finland. After the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-40 most of the Wärtsilä's territory was retroceded to the USSR, including its metal works and railway station. Finnish population of this territory has been evacuated by March of 1940. In September, 1940 Wärtsilä was merged in KFSSR. After the Great Patriotic War for the early recovery of production of the metal works there was founded a labour camp which existed up to 1953. The leading industrial enterprises of Wärtsilä are Wärtsilä hardware plant, bread-baking complex.

I. Mitin, V. Volokhova
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Created: May 22, 2009. Last updated: September 8, 2009.
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